Construction sites are particularly hazardous. The Workplace Safety and Health Act is a legislation relating to the safety, health and welfare of persons at work in a workplace in Singapore. How does the WSH Act apply to construction sites? How to effectively control risks on construction sites?  How to comply with the legislation? Answers from our expert Nan RA, EHS Specialist and Content Manager at BlueKanGo.

What is the Workplace Safety and Health Act (WSH Act) ?

It is a legislation that applies in Singapore for the safety, health and welfare of people working in a workplace. It defines the responsibilities for each stakeholder group, such as employers, occupiers, employees and self-employed.

The WSHAct is an essential element in establishing a framework to cultivate good safety habits in all individuals, in order to create a strong culture of safety in the workplace. So, rather than focusing on compliance, it focuses on the system in place and the results achieved.

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What is a Site-Specific Safety Plan (SSSP)?

The Site-Specific Safety Plan (SSSP) is a specific site safety plan on construction sites. It is essentially a risk management document written and maintained to manage the health and safety of the construction site. The document is designed to maintain a safe environment in light of the unique hazards of a workplace, the people who are or may be on site (workers and others), and the objectives of the project.

The SSSP includes the safety procedures, rules, and regulations to help identify potential hazards and mitigation steps. This plan improves communication and makes work more efficient on site and makes it easier to plan safety into the job. The SSSP is required by law in some countries before a project can begin. 

Is a Site-Specific Safety Plan required in Singapore?

A Site-Specific Safety Plan is not required by law in Singapore. However, certain workplaces are required to implement a Safety and Health Management System (SHMS).

A SHMS is a systematic process for managing workplace safety and health,  including risk assessments and risk management. The system features:

  • Setting goals
  • Planning
  • Measuring performance
  • Managing commitments and direction

You must appoint a workplace safety and health auditor approved by the Ministry of manpower (MOM), which is listed in the Singapore Accreditation Council Auditing Organisation to regularly audit your SHMS if your workplace is:

  • A worksite with a contract sum of $30 million or more (every 6 months)
  • A shipyard employing 200 or more people (every 12 months)
  • A factory engaged in manufacturing fabricated metal products, machinery or equipment, and which employs 100 or more people (every 12 months)
  • A premises that stores toxic or flammable liquids at a storage capacity of 5,000 or more cubic meters  (every 24 months)

For Construction worksite, the Audit criteria is the Requirements for the Construction Safety Audit Scoring System (ConSASS), 2020 version.

What are the advantages of Site Safety Management software?

The main mission of Site Safety Manager is to define risk management strategy, report and record quickly site hazards and incidents. He/She has to improve the site’s enforcement  (monitoring, verification and approval process). He/She ensures the workplace safety and health compliance, he needs a complete solution to succeed these missions.

A digitalized tool will help to monitor activities and centralize all data and information. The organization can save time thanks to dedicated features such as online and remote safety assessments, ppe management, team management, etc.

An effective Site Safety Management software will provide organization with:

  • Rapid reports and records of site hazards and incidents functions;
  • Site enforcement improvement (monitoring, verification and approval process);
  • Compliance with workplace safety and health requirement;
  • Save time and improve productivity;
  • Comprehensive risk management system.

What are the essential KPIs to measure site safety?

In order to reduce the risk of accidents, the site safety manager must identify and monitor various KPI. Here are a selection of most important KPI to keep an eye on:

  • Reported incidents
  • Lost time injury frequency rate (LTIFR)
  • Equipment breakdowns
  • Corrective actions
  • Average employee overtime hours
  • Employee attendance rates
  • Health and safety prevention costs
  • Average resolution time (ART)
  • Total recordable injury frequency rate (TRIFR) : total number of incidents x 1,000,000 labor hours / total employee hours worked
  • Employee training

Expert conclusion:

Site safety is a complex process that takes time and requires a robust risk management process. Today, there are dedicated tools and technology that can streamline this process by centralizing and consolidating all data. Software, such as BlueKanGo, has adapted to the field environment by offering functional services that work even without an internet connection (synchronization as soon as the internet network allows it). Risk management, key to construction site safety, is not only a requirement but a serious strategy for all companies wishing to reduce accidents, protect their workers and save money.

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